Bonus Material

No-Nonsense Quantum Field Theory

• A great discussion of general wave properties and dispersion can be found here. Moreover, a great book on classical waves is The Physics of Waves by Georgi.
• A more detailed discussion of symmetry breaking and the Higgs mechanism is available here and here.
• To learn more about the philosophical aspects of the renormalization group and related topics, a great starting point is Renormalization Group Methods by Williams.
• If you want to learn more about spinors, try Spinors for everyone by Coddens and An introduction to spinors by Steane.

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Fahim

Hello Jakob, thank you for writing such a fantastic textbook. I wish I had all of your no-nonsense series available during my undergrad years. I have one comment, on p.87 you mention parity transformation as transformation which mirror coordinate axes. Obviously, mathematically you mean (x,y,z) –> (-x,-y,-z). To the reader, this might create some confusion, specially with regards to the word mirror and the figure on p.87. Usually when we say mirror (or mirror reflection/transformation), we tend to picture a reflection about the x-z plane, thus mathematically (x,y,z) –> (x,-y,z). Also, it would be helpful if you could add a… Read more » Guest
Michael

1. I am kind of struggling with upper and lower indexes of vectors as it looks for me the notation is opposite to what I could see everywhere. That is, normally vectors are using upper indexes and co-vectors are using lower indexes, so when lower indexes are used, the space coordinates are taken with negative sign, but in this book it is quite opposite. Just wondering why?
2. In (3.11) formula, did not we need to take a complex conjugation when writing the left vector? Then the result would be +1, not -1 Guest

Hi, Jakob. Great book (at least the 200 pages I’ve been through so far!)

I’ve got a question about the start of section 5.2: your gamma matrices don’t seem to satisfy the Clifford algebra. Using {mu, nu} = {0, 0} works out fine in your example, but for {1,1} and {2,2} the sign seems to be incorrect, i.e., g1*g1 and g2*g2 both give a positive identity matrix instead of negative, while {3,3} does seem to work correctly. Also several of the “off diagonal” terms don’t work out to a zero matrix.

Thanks again for a great book! Guest
Yithsbey

Hi Jakob,

I have problems understanding the following:

In chapter four I consider that the global shift (Eq. (4.49)) of the scalar field should be a symmetry of the Klein-Gordon Lagrangian ((Eq. (5.2)), that is, the shift phi—>phi ‘=phi-ie should leave the Klein-Gordon Lagrangian unchanged, but a direct replacement in the Lagrangian does not show this symmetry explicitly, i.e., dL is nonzero. I ask this question because this symmetry is used in Chapter 8 (Eq. 8.2 ) in the context of scalar fields. Guest
Yithsbey

Best regards, Jakob. Thank you for your clear and simple explanations. I have a question. On page 50 you imagine a clock attached to an object that moves arbitrarily. Doesn’t the acceleration that this clock undergoes alter its proper time register in any way? Guest
Felix

Jakob,

Congratulations for writing books for true beginners. Established authors might take exception to your comments about them wanting only to show off their knowledge, but I think you’re correct here.

I was wondering: when you find typos, do you correct them in subsequent book printings, or are you waiting for a future edition?

Thank you. Guest

Hi Jakob
Could you possibly clarify a confusion for me.
You wrote on page 24, “an elementary excitation of the electron field is what we call the electron.”.

What bothers me is this: Say, an electron in orbit around an atom gets excited. This means the excited electron was part of the electron field.
Is this electron field local to that atom or non-local to all possible existing electrons everywhere? Guest
Michael

In 8.30 should not we get a sqrt(2) coefficient for |2k> ?
The same question is for page 299 where for the formula |E2>=a+|E1> I’d rather expect sqrt(2)*|E2> = a+|E1>
I see some consistency here but fail to understand if it’s a problem or not. Guest
Yithsbey

I think Michael, Jakob is not considering the normalization of the wave function. They are eigenvectors not normalized, something that is valid, because they have same energy eigenvalues, even without being normalized. Guest
Fahim

Hello Jakob, it’s Fahim again. My question is regarding the multiparticle states. In eq.(10.19) on p.414 you defined the 2-pion state created from vacuum by acting a^{\dagger}_1 and a^{\dagger}_2. Since they are bosons the creation operators commute, so we have an equally valid indistinguishable state with a^{\dagger}_1 acting before a^{\dagger}_2, in contrast to eqn.(10.19). Should we not add a prefactor 1 / \sqrt{2!} in eq.(10.19) to account for this? Or is it required only when we work with ‘occupation-number’ representation? How are the two notations related? Guest
Keith

Quick question about notation. I’ll use a caret (^n) to indicate a superscript n.
In volume elements in momentum space, for example in 3 dimensions, I’m familiar with notations such as d^3 k. And while I do see that in the text, I also see notations like dk^3. What is the difference in meaning of these two notations? Guest
Yithsbey

Hi Jakob. Below equation (8.33), i have a problem understanding the number operator $N=a^\dag(k) a(k)$, when i try to solve, for example, $N(k)|1_k>$ gives me $=(2\pi)^3\delta(0)a^\dag|0>$. I don’t know what to do with $\delta(0)$ which is infinity. And i hope something like $N(k) |1_k>=|1_k>$. Guest
Yithsbey

Hi Jakob. Below equation (8.33), i have a problem understanding the number operator $$N=a^\dag(k) a(k)$$, when i try to solve, for example, $$N(k)|1_k>$$ gives me $$=(2pi)^3\delta(0)a^\dag|0>$$. I don’t know what to do with $$\delta(0)$$ which is infinity. And i hope something like $$N(k) |1_k>=|1_k>$$.